Security Council Resolution 39 of April 1948 established a United Nations Commission (UNSC) to mediate between India and Pakistan to end the fighting in Kashmir and hold a referendum. After negotiations with both sides, the Commission adopted a three-part resolution in August 1948 and then added a “complement”. The three sides relate to the ceasefire, the terms of the ceasefire and the negotiating procedures related to the referendum. The two countries accepted the resolution and a ceasefire was concluded on 31 December 1948. Another anomaly appeared at the southern end of the ceasefire line in Jammu. From the end of the ceasefire line to the international border between Indian and Pakistani Punjab, there was a gap of more than 200 km, covered by a recognized “provincial border” between Pakistani Punjab and the spring state of Jammu and Kashmir. India has generally referred to the border as an “international border,” while Pakistan has referred to it as a “border” or “labour border.”  The 830-kilometre ceasefire line, established in the agreement, began from the southernst point of the Chenab River in Jammu. It took place in a rough arc to the north and then northeast to the coordinate of the NJ9842 maps, about 19 km north of the Shyok River.  After India and Pakistan fought the first war on Kashmir, shortly after becoming independent and sovereign states in 1947, this led to UN intervention. In October 1947, tribesmen rushed to Kashmir and forced Maharaja Hari Singh to flee Kashmir. He asked India for help and signed the accession instrument, after which the Indian army landed in Srinagar on 27 October. Battles were fought and tribes were driven out. However, at that time, the J-K princely state was split in two.
On 1 January 1948, the Indian government requested mediation of the conflict by the United Nations (UN) and the mediation process ended the war on 1 January 1949, a year later, and was officially arrested at 2359 hours on the night of 1 and 2 January 1949. Subsequently, the United Nations encouraged the two countries to conclude a pact on 29 July 1949 that ended the ceasefire line, a chasm that later became the LoC. The actual text, if the agreement follows: B. The delegations of India and Pakistan, duly authorized, concluded the following agreement: S. K. Sinha stated that Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had informed the Indian delegation prior to the Karachi meeting, telling them that the UN resolution recognized the legality of Kashmir`s accession to India and that, therefore, any “no man`s land” would belong to India. The Pakistani delegation should provide the UN Commission with proof of its actual positions of control over the entire territory they claim. Sinha explained that, on the basis of this principle, the agreement delimited several hundred square kilometres of territory on the Indian side, although there were no Indian troops in the area.  C.
The ceasefire line described above is drawn on a one-inch map (if available) and then checked by local commanders on either side, with the help of UN military observers, to eliminate no man`s land. If local commanders are unable to reach an agreement, the matter is referred to the Commission`s military adviser, whose decision is final. After this check, 2. That the United Nationals Commission for India and Pakistan stated in its letter that “the meeting will be for military purposes; political issues will not be taken into account” and that “they will be conducted without prejudice to the negotiations on the ceasefire agreement”; From the point of the NJ9842 map, it must pass north of the international border with China, at a distance of about 60 to 65 km.