By the early 1930s, British public opinion had strongly opposed war and rearmament, although that began to change in the mid-decade. During a debate at the Oxford Union Society in 1933, a group of students passed a motion saying they would not fight for the king and the country, which convinced some Germans that Britain would never go to war.  Baldwin told the House of Commons that in 1933, because of the strong pacifist atmosphere in the country, he had not been able to pursue a policy of rearmament.  In 1935, eleven million responded to the “election campaign for peace” of the League of Nations by pledging to reduce armaments through an international agreement.  On the other hand, the same poll found that 58.7% of British voters supported “collective military sanctions” against the aggressors, and the public reaction to the Hoare Laval pact with Mussolini was extremely unfavourable.  Even the left wing of the pacifist movement began to turn rapidly with the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, and many peace voters began to engage in international brigades to fight Hitler`s ally, Francisco Franco. By the height of the Spanish conflict in 1937, the majority of young pacifists had changed their views to accept that war could be a legitimate response to aggression and fascism.   Positive appeasement has been marked in part by media manipulation. The German correspondent for the Times of London, Norman Ebbutt, criticized him for his insistent reports of Nazi militarism being suppressed by his publisher Geoffrey Dawson. Historians such as Richard Cockett, William Shirer and Frank McDonough confirmed this assertion and noted the links between The Observer and the Pro-Appeasement Cliveden Set.  The results of an October 1938 Gallup poll, which found that 86% of people believed Hitler was lying about his future territorial ambitions, was censored at the last minute by the publisher, loyal to Chamberlain, of the News Chronicle.  For the few journalists who asked difficult questions about appeasement – especially members of the foreign press – Chamberlain often rubbed or intimidated them.